The entire human lot can be broadly classified into two categories; one is Bubhukshu or those with carnal mind and the others Mumukshu or those who are spiritual inclined. A Bubhukshu is fond of worldly pleasure and like to enjoy the life to the maximum extent. A Mumukshu is the one who is intensely yearning for liberation from the cycles of birth and death.
Bubhukshtva is a power that drives one to be Srujanatmaka (creative) and Rachnatmaka (constructive). In the process a Bubhukshu who is more concerned of the affairs of life will be obsessed with worldly things like money, status, possessions, reputation which are to satisfy him. Hence to achieve them he can go to any extent.
“Bubhukshitah kim na karoti papam” asks a Sanskrit saying, which means “How can a carnal mind not commit sin?”
Mumukshutva is a power that gives strength to develop Vairagya (dispassion) and Bhava Virakti (detachment). With these two traits an individual can resist the temptations of the senses which could lead him to get engrossed in the worldly pleasures which might affect his self discipline while he is threading the path of self-realization.
The Vedanta is essentially is basically to lead us to excel but occasionally it is misinterpreted to suite our reasoning. Amazingly Vedanta does not say one has to avoid societal values all together. There is nothing wrong in owning a home, a car, having material possessions, having a successful career or raising a family, loving them and providing for them. We need carnal things to survive and enjoy. In fact Upanishads inspire both a Mumukshu as well as a Bubhukshu in equal terms. That is the reason behind the emphasis of the four goals of human life namely Dharma (Righteousness), Artha (Wealth),
(Desire) & Moksha (Liberation). While wealth and desire are like river
flowing at a very high velocity the individual should see that the river does
not breach the banks which are righteousness and liberation.
Vedic tradition talked about “Ashrama” meaning stages of life where our duties are performed as our age progress. There are four in all namely Brahmacharya (Student life), Grihastha (Householder life), Vanaprastha (Hermit life) and finally Sannyasa (Reclusive life). Though it is not possible to lead such a living in this modern lifestyle we can adopt our mind to this. When an individual is in the first two stages the carnal mind is required to support and live on but after entering the third stage the carnal mind has to be totally subdued. The mind tries to evade and procrastinate like a new bullock that is yoked to the plough for the first time. But it will not get any support if the farmer (Awakened Being) behind the plough is bent upon taming it at all costs. Ultimately the mind will be left with no alternative but to submissively assent to be yoked to the plough and transcend from carnal tendency to spiritual thinking.
The prerequisite though is that when the individual enjoyed the materialistic and carnal living he has to manage it properly by not getting entangled with the desire of ownership……. What say?????